In fact, an entire branch of chemistry is devoted to answering these theoretical questions, as well as to determining solutions to a host of other, more practical problems.
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon, its compounds, and their properties.
Familiar to us as the black substance in charred wood, as diamonds, and the graphite in “lead” pencils, carbon comes in several forms, or isotopes.
One rare form has atoms that are 14 times as heavy as hydrogen atoms: carbon-14, or C ratio gets smaller.
There are three allotropes of carbon, namely graphite, diamond and amorphous carbon.
Carbon is a highly stable element that can combine with almost any other element to form a number of useful compounds.
In fact, what Wöhler had glimpsed—and what other scientists who followed came to understand, was this: what separates the organic from the inorganic is the manner in which the carbon chains are arranged.
In addition, we have mentioned the fact that carbon forms long chains of atoms and varieties of shapes. These are good questions, but not ones we will attempt to answer here.Though carbon was present for centuries in the forms of soot and charcoal, it was only in 1772 that its real uses, which are still figured in carbon uses in everyday life, were discovered by an eminent French scientist Rene Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur.The major source of carbon is the deposits of coal that are buried deep inside the earth.Carbon, which is non metallic in nature, is the 4th most abundant element in the universe and the 15th most abundant element in the Earth's crust.The name 'carbon' comes from the Latin word carbo which means coal or charcoal.Wöhler took a sample of ammonium cyanate (NH ), a waste product in the urine of mammals.In other words, he had turned an inorganic material into a organic one, and he did so, as he observed, "without benefit of a kidney, a bladder, or a dog." It was almost as though he had created life.Carbon is an element that is the found in abundance in the earth's crust.It is found in group 14 of the Periodic Table and has the atomic number 6.C) dating usually want to know about the radiometric dating methods that are claimed to give millions and billions of years—carbon dating can only give thousands of years.People wonder how millions of years could be squeezed into the biblical account of history. Christians, by definition, take the statements of Jesus Christ seriously.The amount of carbon-14 in the atmosphere has not changed in thousands of years.Even though it decays into nitrogen, new carbon-14 is always being formed when cosmic rays hit atoms high in the atmosphere.Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and animals eat plants.